巧记不规则动词的过去式

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所属分类:少儿学英语

巧记不规则动词的过去式


[迷你小练] 将下列动词变成过去式形式:


1. sweep __________ 2. drive __________


3. spend __________ 4. ride __________


5. find __________ 6. teach __________


7. catch __________ 8. mean __________


9. put __________ 10. hear __________


动词过去式的不规则变化要特殊记忆,可是其中也有规律可循哦,请看:


1. 过去式和动词原形同形。如:


hit→hit hurt→hurt let→let cost→cost


read→read cut→cut put→put


2. 原形以-ow/-aw结尾的动词,其过去式形式大多以-ew结尾。如:


know→knew grow→grew


draw→drew throw→threw


3. 把动词原形中的元音字母i改为a来变成过去式形式。如:


sit→sat swim→swam give→gave


drink→drank ring→rang begin→ began


4. 把动词原形中的元音字母i改为o来变成其过去式形式。如:


ride→rode drive→drove write→wrote


win→won shine→shone


5. 一些动词的过去式以-ought结尾。如:


think→thought buy→bought


bring→brought fight→fought


6. 一些动词的过去式以-aught结尾。如:


teach→ taught catch→caught


7. 有些以-eep结尾的动词要把-eep改为-ept来变成其过去式形式。如:


keep→kept sweep→swept sleep→slept


8. 有些以-end结尾的动词要把 d改为t来变成其过去式形式。如:


lend→lent spend→spent send→sent


9. 在有些动词的词尾直接加t来变成其过去式形式。如:


learn→learnt mean→meant burn→burnt




key:


1. swept 2. drove 3. spent 4. rode 5. found 6. taught


7. caught 8. meant 9. put 10. heard

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