反意疑问句

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所属分类:少儿学英语

反意疑问句


1. 反意疑问句的形式


反意疑问句一般有以下四种形式:


肯定陈述句+否定反意疑问。例如:


This pencil is red,isn't it?


否定陈述句+肯定反意疑问。例如:


This pencil isn't red,is it?


肯定陈述句+肯定反意疑问。例如:


This pencil is red,is it?


否定陈述句+否定反意疑问。例如:


This pencil isn't red,isn't it?


前两种形式是主要的,后两种不常见。


2. 反意疑问句的用法


1)当陈述部分是there be句型时,反意疑问部分的主语用there。例如:


There aren't a lot of flowers in the garden in winter,are there?


There existed different opinions on this issue,didn't there?


2)当陈述部分是以不定代词one作主语时,反意疑问部分的主语在正式场合用one,在非正式场合用you。例如:


One cannot succeed at this,can one?


One cannot succeed at this,can you?


3)当陈述部分是I'm…结构时,反意疑问部分一般用aren't I。例如:


I am a student,aren't I?


4)当陈述部分是一个带有that引导的宾语从句的复合结构时,反意疑问部分一般根据主句的主语和谓语动词而定。例如:


You told me (that) I had passed the exam,didn't you?


He says that everybody in our class will attend the meeting,doesn't he?


但是,当陈述部分的主句是I think,I suppose,I believe等结构时,反意疑问部分则往往由that从句中的主语和谓语动词决定,并且要注意否定的转移。


例如:


I believe (that) it is going to rain,isn't it?


I don't think (that) he will come,will he?


5)当陈述部分的谓语动词是have时,反意疑问部分要根据have的意义及形式而定。


a.当have表示“所有”含义时,反意疑问可以用have形式,也可以用do形式。例如:


He has a book in his hand,hasn't he?


He has a book in his hand,doesn't he?


b.当陈述部分的动词是have的否定形式时,反意疑问部分是用have形式还是用do形式,取决于陈述部分的动词形式。例如:


You haven't a car,have you?


You don't have any money with you,do you?


c.当have不表示“所有”含义而表示其他含义时,反意疑问句则必须用do的形式。例如:


We had a good time in the vacation,didn't we?


He has his breakfast at seven everyday,doesn't he?


You have to get up early tomorrow,don't you?


6)当陈述部分带有never,nothing,nowhere,seldom,hardly,rarely,few,little等否定词或半否定词时,反意疑问部分的动词用肯定形式。例如:


The summit meeting never took place,did it?


You can hardly believe what he said,can you?


There is little ink in the bottle,is there?


Few people know this place,do they?


7)当陈述部分的谓语动词是带有un-,in-,im-,dis- 等否定前缀的动词,则仍然把陈述部分看作肯定句,那么反意疑问部分用否定形式。例如:


He is impolite to the teacher,isn't he?


He distrusted anybody around him,didn't he?


8)当陈述部分带有情态动词ought to时,反意疑问部分在英式英语中用ought to形式,在美式英语中用should形式。例如:


You ought to see the new picture,shouldn't you?


Teachers ought to be honoured,oughtn't they?


9)当陈述部分带有情态动词used to时,反意疑问部分可以用used to形式,也可以用did形式。例如:


She used to live abroad,usedn't she?


There used to be a news stand in the corner of the street,didn't there?


当陈述部分带有情态动词must时,反意疑问部分需视must的含义而定。


a.当must表示“命令或强制”时,反意疑问部分用mustn't。例如:


You must do it by yourself,mustn't you?


b.当must表示“有必要”时,反意疑问部分用needn't。例如:


You must see him tonight,needn't you?


c.当must表示“一定”或“想必”等推测意义时,反意疑问部分不用mustn't,而要根据must后的动词形式而定。例如:


He must be crazy to do so,isn't he?


She must have been there for a long time,hasn't she?


They must have stayed at home last night,didn't they?


10)当陈述部分带有need时,反意疑问部分需视need的含义而定。如果need用作情态动词,则反意疑问部分用need形式;如果need用作实义动词,表示“需要”,则反意疑问部分用do形式。例如:


You needn't go there,need you?


She needs to go there,doesn't she?


Plants need sun to grow,don't they?


11)当陈述部分带有I'd better或I'd rather时,反意疑问部分用hadn't或wouldn't。例如 :


You'd better finish the task before tomorrow,hadn't you?


He'd rather stay with us,wouldn't he?


12)当陈述部分是祈使句时,反意疑问部分一般用will you,won't you,would you。例如:


Don't be too late,will you?


Close the door,won't you?


Come here,will you?


Open your books,would you?


13) 陈述部分是以Let's开头的祈使句时,反意疑问部分用shall we;若是以Let us开头的祈使句,反意疑问部分则用will you。例如:


Let's have a party tonight,shall we?


Let us have a look at your pictures,will you?


注意, 如果祈使句是否定形式,那么反意疑问句只能用will you。例如:


Don't forget to bring your notebooks here tomorrow,will you?



1) 陈述部分的主语是I,疑问部分要用 aren't I。例如:


I'm as tall as your sister, aren't I? 我跟你姐一样高,对吗?


2) 陈述部分的谓语是wish,疑问部分要用may +主语。例如:


I wish to have a word with you, may I? 我想与你说句话,行吗?


3) 陈述部分用 no, nothing, nobody, never, few, seldom, hardly, rarely, little等否定含义的词时,疑问部分用肯定含义。例如:


Some plants never blown (开花), do they ? 有些植物从不开花,对吗?


4) 含有ought to 的反意疑问句,陈述部分是肯定的,疑问部分用shouldn't / oughtn't +主语。例如:


He ought to know what to do, oughtn't he? / shouldn't he? 他应该知道该做什么,对吗?


5) 陈述部分有have to +v. (had to + v.),疑问部分常用don't +主语(didn't +主语)。例如:


We have to get there at eight tomorrow, don't we? 我们要在明天早上八点到达那儿,是吗?


6) 陈述部分的谓语是used to 时,疑问部分用didn't +主语或 usedn't +主语。例如:


He used to take pictures there, didn't he? / usedn't he? 他以前常在那儿拍照,是吗?


7) 陈述部分有had better + v. 疑问句部分用hadn't you? 例如:


You'd better read it by yourself, hadn't you? 你最好自己去读,好吗?


8) 陈述部分有would rather +v.,疑问部分多用 wouldn't +主语。例如:


He would rather read it ten times than recite it, wouldn't he? 他宁可读十遍也不愿意背诵,是吗?


9) 陈述部分有You'd like to +v. 疑问部分用wouldn't +主语。例如:


You'd like to go with me, wouldn't you? 你想和我们一块去,对吗?


10) 陈述部分有must 的疑问句,疑问部分根据实际情况而定。例如:


He must be a doctor, isn't he? 他肯定是医生,是吗?


You must have studied English for three years, haven't you? / didn't you? 你一定读过三年英语,对吗?


He must have finished it yesterday, didn't he? 他肯定是在昨天完成任务的,是吗?


11) 感叹句中,疑问部分用be +主语。例如:


What colors, aren't they? 多漂亮的颜色,是吗?


12) 陈述部分由neither… nor, either… or 连接的并列主语时,疑问部分根据其实际逻辑意义而定。


Neither you nor I am engineer, are we? 你不是工程师,我也不是,对吗?


13) 陈述部分主语是指示代词或不定代词everything, that, nothing, this, 疑问部分主语用it。例如:


Everything is ready, isn't it? 一切就绪,是吗?


14) 陈述部分为主语从句或并列复合句,疑问部分有三种情况:


a. 并列复合句疑问部分,谓语动词根据邻近从句的谓语而定。例如:


Mr. Smith had been to Beijing for several times, he should have been in China now, shouldn't he?


史密斯先生曾几次去过北京,按理说他现在应该在中国,是吗?


b. 带有定语从句,宾语从句的主从复合句,疑问部分谓语根据主句的谓语而定。例如:


He said he wanted to visit Japan, didn't he? 他说他想去日本看看,他是那样说的吗?


c. 陈述部分主句为第一人称,谓语是think, believe, expect, suppose, imagine等引导的定语从句,疑问部分与宾语从句相对应构成反意疑问句。例如:


I don't think he is bright, is he? 我认为他并不聪明,是吗?


We believe she can do it better, can't she? 我们相信她能做得更好,她能吗?


15) 陈述部分主语是不定代词everybody, anyone, somebody, nobody, no one等,疑问部分常用复数they,有时也用单数he。例如:


Everyone knows the answer, don't they? (does he?) 人人都知道答案,是这样吧?


Nobody knows about it, do they? (does he?) 没人知道这件事,是吧?


16) 带情态动词dare或need的反意疑问句,疑问部分常用 need (dare ) +主语。例如:


We need not do it again, need we ? 我们不必重做一遍,是吗?


He dare not say so, dare he? 他不敢这样说,是吗?


当dare, need 为实义动词时,疑问部分用助动词do + 主语。例如:


She doesn't dare to go home alone, does she? 她不敢独自回家,是吗?


17) 省去主语的祈使句的反意疑问句,疑问部分用will you。例如:


Don't do that again, will you? 别再这样做,好吗?


Go with me, will you / won't you ? 跟我走吧,好吗?


注意:Let's 开头的祈使句,后用shall we?


Let us 开头的祈使句,后用will you? 例如:


Let's go and listen to the music, shall we? 一起去听音乐,好吗?


Let us wait for you in the reading-room, will you ? 你让我们在阅览室等你,好吗?


18) 陈述部分是"there be"结构的,疑问部分用there省略主语代词。例如:


There is something wrong with your watch, isn't there? 你的表有问题,对不对?


There will not be any trouble, will there? 不会有麻烦吧,是吗?


19) 否定前缀不能视为否定词,其反意疑问句仍用否定形式。例如:


It is impossible, isn't it? 这不可能,是吗?


He is not unkind to his classmates, is he? 他不会对他同学使坏,是吗?


20) must在表"推测"时,根据其推测的情况来确定反意疑问句。例如:


He must be there now, isn't he? 他现在肯定在那儿,是吧?


It must be going to rain tomorrow, won't it? 明天肯定要下雨,是吗?

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